The following is a curated list of resources on out-of-school time as it relates to social and emotional learning and associated areas. This list was developed with input from several experts in the field of out-of-school time. Please explore these resources to learn about the link between participation in after-school programs, extracurricular activities, and community-based organizations and multiple indicators of social and emotional competence, academic performance, and positive youth development.
Also, CASEL has recently entered a new partnership with The Wallace Foundation and school districts to address SEL and out-of-school time and will have more to share over the next year.
Articles and Book Chapters
Durlak, J. A., Weissberg, R. P., & Pachan, M. (2010). A meta-analysis of after-school programs that seek to promote personal and social skills in children and adolescents. American Journal of Community Psychology, 45, 294-309. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9300-6 Article available for purchase.
Eccles, J. S., & Templeton, J. (2002). Extracurricular and other after-school activities for youth. Review of research in education, 26, 113-180. https://doi.org/10.3102/0091732X026001113 Article available with login.
Larson, R. W. (2011). Positive development in a disorderly world. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21, 317–334. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00707.x Article available for purchase.
Mahoney, J. L., Vandell, D. L., Simpkins, S. D., & Zarrett, N. R. (2009). Adolescent out-of- school activities. In R. M. Lerner & L. Steinberg (Eds.) Handbook of adolescent psychology: (3rd edition). Vol. 2: Contextual influences on adolescent development (pp. 228-267). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons. Chapter available for purchase.
Raposa, E. B., Rhodes, J., Stams, G. J. J., Card, N., Burton, S., Schwartz, S., … & Hussain, S. (2019). The effects of youth mentoring programs: A meta-analysis of outcome studies. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48, 423-443. Article available for purchase
Smith, E. P., Witherspoon, D. P., & Osgood, D. W. (2017). Positive youth development among diverse racial-ethnic children: Quality afterschool contexts as developmental assets. Child Development, 88, 1063-1078. doi:10.1111/cdev.12870 Article available for purchase.
Eccles, J., & Gootman, J. A. (Eds.) (2002). Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: /10.17226/10022 Book available with login.
Fredricks, J. S., & Simpkins, S. D. (Eds.) (2013). Organized out-of-school activities: Settings for peer relationships. New Directions in Child and Adolescent Development, 140. John Wiley & Sons. Book available for purchase.
Halpern, R. (2003). Making play work: The promise of after-school programs for low-income children. Teachers College Press. Book available for purchase.
Heath, S. B. (1999). Dimensions of language development: Lessons from older children. In A. S. Masten (Ed.), Cultural processes in child development: The Minnesota symposia on child psychology (Vol. 29, pp. 59–75). Mahwah, NY: Erlbaum. Book available for purchase.
Hirsch, B., Deutsch, N., & DuBois, D. (2011). After-school centers and youth development. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511994913 Book available with login
Mahoney, J. L., Larson, R. W., & Eccles, J. S. (Eds.) (2005). Organized activities as contexts of development: Extracurricular activities, after-school and community programs. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum & Associates. Book available for purchase.
Malone, H. J., & Donahue, T. (Eds.) (2018). The growing out-of-school time field: Past, present, and future. Information Age Publishing. Book available for purchase.
Jones, S., Brush, K., Bailey, R., Brion-Meisels, G., McIntyre, J., Kahn, J., Nelson, B., & Stickle, L. (2017) Navigating social and emotional learning from the inside out: Looking inside and across 25 leading SEL programs: A practical resource for schools and OST providers (elementary school focus). New York: Wallace Foundation. View the guide.
Augustine, C. H., McCombs, J. S., Pane, J. F., Schwartz, H. L., Schweig, A. M., & Siler-Evans, K. (2016). Learning from summer: Effects of voluntary summer learning programs on low-income urban youth. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. View the report.
McCombs, J. S., Augustine, C. H., Unlu, F., et al. (2019). Investing in successful summer programs: A review of evidence under the Every Student Succeeds Act. New York, NY: RAND Corporation. Retrieved from: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2836.html View the report.
McLaughlin, M. W. (2000). Community counts: How youth organizations matter for youth development. Washington, DC: Public Education Network. View the report.
National Commission and Social, Emotional, and Academic Development (2019). Calls for coaches: Coaching social and emotional skills in youth sports. Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute. View the report.
Sepúlveda, M-J, & Hutton, R. (2019). Shaping summertime experiences: Opportunities to promote healthy development and well-being for children and youth. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved from: https://www.nap.edu/catalog/25546/shaping-summertime-experiences-opportunities-to-promote-healthy-development-and-well Report available for purchase.
Smith, C., McGovern, G., Peck., S.C., Larson, R., Hillaker, B., & Roy, L. (2016). Preparing youth to thrive: Methodology and findings from the social and emotional learning challenge. Washington, D.C.: Forum for Youth Investment. View the report.
American Institutes of Research (2017). Beyond the bell: Turning research into action in afterschool and expanded learning. Retrieved from http://www.air.org/resource/beyond-bell-turning-research-action-afterschool-and-expanded-learning View the website.
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Collaborative for Academic, Social,
and Emotional Learning (CASEL)
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Chicago, IL 60607-3566
We are committed to a continuous process of learning, examining, and collaboratively refining the understanding of SEL. We are excited to share updates across definitions and our framework to highlight an expanded vision and growing research base for SEL.