Basic Research Resources

The following is a curated list of resources by CASEL staff concerning basic research on social and emotional learning (SEL). Basic SEL research aims to improve theories and advance the knowledge base that, in turn, can provide an empirical foundation for practice. For more, check out CASEL’s research webpage on the website.

Articles and Book Chapters

Greenberg, M. T., Weissberg, R. P., O’Brien, M. U., Zins, J. E., Fredricks, L. et al. (2003). Enhancing school-based prevention and youth development through coordinated social, emotional, and academic learning. American Psychologist, 58, 466-474. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.58.6-7.466
View the article (log-in required).

Oberle, E., Domitrovich, C. E., Meyers, D. C., & Weissberg, R. P. (2016). Establishing systemic social and emotional learning approaches in schools: A framework for schoolwide implementation. Cambridge Journal of Education, 46, 277-297. doi:10.1080/0305764X.2015.1125450
Article available for purchase.

Osher, D., Kidron, Y., Brackett, M., Dymnicki, A., Jones, S., & Weissberg, R. P. (2016). Advancing the science and practice of social and emotional learning: Looking back and moving forward. Review of Research in Education, 40, 644-681.
View the article.


Durlak, J. A., Domitrovich, C. E., Weissberg, R. P., & Gullotta, T. P. (Eds.) (2015). Handbook of social and emotional learning: Research and practice. New York: Guilford Press.
Book available for purchase.


Belfield, C., Bowden, B., Klapp, A., Levin, H., Shand, R., & Zander, S. (2015). The economic value of social and emotional learning. New York: Center for Benefit-Cost Studies in Education.
View the report.

Bridgeland, J., Bruce, M., & Hariharan, A. (2013). The missing piece: A national teacher survey on how social and emotional learning can empower children and transform schools. Washington, DC: Civic Enterprises.
View the report.

DePaoli, J. L., Atwell, M., & Bridgeland, J. (2017). Ready to lead: A national principal survey on how social and emotional learning can prepare children and transform schools. Washington DC: Civic Enterprises and Hart Research Associates for CASEL.
View the report.

Gabrieli, C., Ansel, D., & Krachman, S. B. (2015). Ready to be counted: The research case for education policy action on non-cognitive skills. Boston: Transforming Education.
View the report.


Dr. Kimberly Schonert-Reichl summarizes recent research. (10 minutes)

Recent research on science behind social and emotional learning. Retrieved from
View video.