The introductory resources provide an overview to the field of social and emotional learning (SEL). The material covers the history of SEL from its origins to the present. This material also provides a framework for conceptualizing how social and emotional competence is developed in schools, families, and communities. Finally, these references describe how SEL can promote positive adjustment and reduce risks in the short-and long-term. The What is SEL section of our website also provides a comprehensive overview.
Articles and Book Chapters
Greenberg, M. T., Weissberg, R. P., O’Brien, M. U., Zins, J. E., Fredericks, L., Resnik, H., & Elias, J. L. (2003). Enhancing school-based prevention and youth development through coordinated social, emotional, and academic learning. American Psychologist
, 58, 466-474. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.58.6-7.466 Article available for purchase.
Domitrovich, C. E., Durlak, J., Staley, K. C., & Weissberg, R. P. (2017). Social-emotional competence: An essential factor for promoting positive adjustment and reducing risk and school children. Child Development
, 88, 408-416. doi:10.1111/cdev.12739View article.
Elias, M. J., Leverett, L., Duffell, J. C., Humphrey, N., Stepany, C., & Ferrito, J. (2015). Integrated SEL with related prevention and youth development approaches. In J. A. Durlak, C. E. Domitrovich, R. P. Weissberg, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), Handbook of social and emotional learning: Research and practice
(pp. 33-49). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Chapter available for purchase.
Jones, S. M., & Bouffard, S. M. (2012). Social and emotional learning in schools: From programs to strategies. Social Policy Report
, 26, 1-32View report.
Jones, S. M., Bouffard, S. M., & Weissbound, R. (2013). Educators’ social and emotional skills vital to learning. Phi Delta Kappan
, 92, 62-65.View article.
Oberle, E., Domitrovich, C. E., Meyers, D. C., & Weissberg, R. P. (2016). Establishing systemic social and emotional learning approaches in schools: A framework for schoolwide implementation. Cambridge Journal of Education
, 46, 277-297. doi:10.1080/0305764X.2015.1125450View article.
Osher, D., Kidron, Y., Brackett, M., Dymnicki, A., Jones, S., & Weissberg, R. P. (2016). Advancing the science and practice of social and emotional learning: Looking back and moving forward.
Review of Research in Education, 40, 644-681. doi: 10.3102/0091732X16673595View chapter.
Payton, J. W., Wardlaw, D. M., Graczyk, P. A., Bloodworth, M. R., Tompsett, C. J., & Weissberg, R. P. (2000). Social and emotional learning: A framework for promoting mental health and reducing risk behavior in children and youth. Journal of school health, 70(5), 179-185. Retrieved from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10900594/View the article.
Shriver, T. P., & Weissberg, R. W. (2020). A response to constructive criticism of social and emotional learning. Phi Delta Kappan.
Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1177/0031721720917543View the article.
Weissberg, R. P., & Cascarino, J. (2013). Academic learning + social-emotional learning = national priority. Phi Delta Kappan
, 52, 8-13.View article.
Weissberg, R. P., Durlak, J. A., Domitrovich, C. E., & Gullotta, T. P. (2015). Social and emotional learning: Past, present, and future. In J. A. Durlak, C. E. Domitrovich, R. P. Weissberg, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.). Handbook of social and emotional learning: Research and practice
(pp. 3-19). New York, NY: Guilford Press.View chapter.
CASEL (2005). Safe and sound: An educational leader’s guide to evidence-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs. Chicago, IL: Author.
Durlak, J. A., Domitrovich, C. E., Weissberg, R. P., & Gullotta, T. P. (Eds.), Handbook of social and emotional learning: Research and practice.
New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Book available for purchase.
Elias, M. J., Zins, J.E., Weissberg, R.P., Frey, K.S., Greenberg, M.T., Haynes, N.M., Kessler, R., Schwab-Stone, M.E., & Shriver, T.P. (1997). Promoting social and emotional learning: Guidelines for educators. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Book available for purchase.
Zins, J. E., Weissberg, R. P., Wang, M. C. & Walberg, H. J (Eds.). (2004). Building academic success on social and emotional learning: What does the research say?
New York: Teachers College Press. Book available for purchase.
Reports and Briefs
CASEL (2017). Social and emotional competencies.
Retrieved from https://casel.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/CASEL-Competencies.pdf View document.
National Commission on Social, Emotional, and Academic Development (2018). From a nation at risk to a nation of hope: Recommendation from the National Commission on Social, Emotional, and Academic Development.
Washington, D.C.: The Aspen Institute.View report.
This video from the Committee for Children discusses how social-emotional skills helps young people manage emotions, have empathy, solve problems, make responsible decisions, and maintain healthy relationships.
Committee on Children (2016). Published August 1, 2016. Social-emotional learning: What is it and why is it important?
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikehX9o1JbI&feature=youtu.be View video.
This video from Edutopia discusses five core competencies that are key to social and emotional learning and classroom related practices that make up the most effective SEL programs.
Edutopia (2013). 5 Keys to Successful Social and Emotional Learning
Retrieved from https://www.edutopia.org/keys-social-emotional-learning-video View video.
The Aspen Institute (2017). National commission on social, emotional, and academic development.
Retrieved from https://www.aspeninstitute.org/programs/national-commission-on-social-emotional-and-academic-development/ View the website.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (2017). Social and emotional learning: A series of resources on the importance of supporting children’s social and emotional learning and development so that they can lead healthier, more successful lives.
Retrieved from http://www.rwjf.org/en/library/collections/social-and-emotional-learning.html View the website.