Multitiered Systems of Support (MTSS)

Multitiered systems of support (MTSS), formerly called response to intervention or RTI, recognizes that academic and behavioral functioning are intertwined. MTSS is a systemic approach designed to identify and coordinate evidence-based interventions. MTSS can include positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS). SEL programs and approaches are often seen as an important component of universal approaches within MTSS, because they are designed to promote positive academic and behavioral outcomes in all students.


The District Resource Center has several resources related to MTSS. Search for “MTSS.”

The Guide to Schoolwide SEL has detailed guidance here.


Committee for Children: Implementing SEL with Multi-Tiered Systems of Support and How SEL Supports Your MTSS Efforts. The two-part blog shows how one veteran educator “navigated misunderstandings and concerns regarding implementing them [SEL and MTSS] together. (July 2018) NEW


Kansas: The state’s SEL standards are aligned with and designed to support MTSS.

New York: The state’s SEL resources to support implementation of the benchmarks connect to MTSS.

North Dakota: The state’s SEL competencies reflect a strong MTSS orientation, as they were developed by the regional education associations responsible for the expansion of the state’s NDMTSS framework.

Tennessee: The state’s SEL competencies align with MTSS and are presented as an optional component of a multitiered system of supports.